Can CBD Oil Be Used Topically

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It’s not uncommon for some to try out a CBD oil tincture, which is designed for ingestion, as a topical or a spot treatment. Not all CBD oil can be used topically. Learn more about how to use CBD oil on your skin and which products are right for topical use. CBD topicals can be an effective treatment for many symptoms. Once applied, they can take anywhere from one to 48 hours to provide relief .

Can You Use Oral CBD Oil Topically?

CBD can be eaten in an infused food, mixed into a drink, swallowed in a capsule, and rubbed onto your skin, just to name a few methods of administration. But do the lines ever cross? Can you apply a CBD product type in a way that differs from its original use?

You’re far from the first person to ask this question. In fact, it’s not uncommon for some to try out a CBD oil tincture, which is designed for ingestion, as a topical or a spot treatment. Theoretically, there’s nothing wrong with putting a tincture on your skin. However, CBD tinctures simply aren’t formulated to address the challenges that stand between you and radiant skin. However, topicals can be used to help support dry and dehydrated skin, total body relaxation and recovery, and enhance the appearance of dewy, healthy, and radiant skin when they incorporate other beneficial skin ingredients that are amplified by the skin benefits of CBD.

Here, we’ll review the purpose of CBD oil tinctures, CBD topicals, and why you’ll see the best results for your skin from a product that’s designed for topical use.

What are CBD topicals?

CBD topicals are products formulated to be applied to your skin. This product category is home to a dazzling array of options, from lotions and balms to bath products to transdermal patches. If there’s a skincare product out there, its CBD-infused counterpart can be found alongside it.

The CBD extract used in topicals, and in all CBD products, comes in three main varieties: full spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate. Full spectrum CBD extract contains the major and minor cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and all other substances as they are in the source hemp. This includes a trace amount of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the intoxicating cannabinoid made famous by cannabis. Isolates are on the opposite end of the spectrum: all components except for the desired cannabinoid – in this case, CBD – are removed, leaving behind a roughly 99 percent pure substance that contains only CBD.

While the amount of THC in full spectrum hemp extract is so miniscule that the psychoactive effects are not typically felt – by U.S. law, hemp cannot contain more than 0.3 percent THC – you may not want to consume any THC at all. If that’s the case, broad spectrum is the right fit for you. Broad spectrum hemp extract retains all cannabinoids, terpenes, and other desirable compounds, but attempts to further remove the trace amounts of THC. At Prima, all our CBD products are made from broad spectrum phytocannabinoid-rich hemp extract.

It may be tempting to write off CBD topicals as another beauty trend, but the emerging science showcases why CBD is a perfect fit for skincare and other topical products.

Advanced recovery rub for soothing comfort

Ultra-rich body butter for dry, dehydrated skin

How are CBD topicals used?

CBD topicals are used no differently than any other lotion or body balm. Take a small amount and apply it directly to the body part of your choice. Its effect is experienced locally at the site of application.

If it’s your first time using a CBD topical, follow the directions on the label, or apply a tiny bit to an inconspicuous test spot before fully diving in. How much product you need depends on how you feel; start with a small amount and increase the amount little by little as you get used to the product. You can keep applying more until you’ve achieved the desired feeling.

What is the difference between topicals and CBD oil?

CBD oil is often what people use to describe the extract that comes from the hemp plant. Often, CBD oil the same word people use to describe a tincture, which is CBD hemp extract blended with a carrier oil, which is designed for ingestion. Tinctures can often contain flavors and other ingredients whose benefits are designed for ingestion. Topicals work differently because they are often formulated with other key ingredients that deliver skin and body benefits through skin application. Its strongest impact is seen and felt locally, in the area where you rub in or apply the topical. In addition, ingestibles are not tested for skin sensitivity and skin safety, and have different quality testing protocols. It’s always important to use products as directed both to get the desired benefit, but also to ensure that it’s safe.

Why is it so important to use CBD products on your skin that are formulated specifically for topical use? By using a CBD tincture topically, your skin would miss out on all the other nourishing ingredients added to topicals and might not be designed with the right amount of CBD to bring the desired benefit to your skin. At Prima, our CBD topicals are made with other plant-based ingredients selected to support healthy, radiant skin. Our R+R cream, for example, includes invigorating menthol and eucalyptus. Our ultra-hydrating, fast-absorbing Skin Therapy body butter is designed to support and bring balance to dry skin, and includes its own set of nourishing add-ins, including fatty-acid rich hemp seed oil and moisturizing shea and cocoa butter to lock in hydration.

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Consider the convenience – or inconvenience – of a tincture applied topically. Placing tincture onto your hands or legs instead of body butter or lotion will require a significant amount of product to cover a larger surface area. Using a tincture topically on the go wouldn’t be easy; you’d have to carefully remove the dropper from the bottle and measure out the amount you’d want to apply. Plus, a tincture applied topically would likely leave a film behind that needs to be wiped off, leaves a greasy texture, or takes a significantly long time to absorb.

As you begin to explore the CBD product types available to you, keep your intended use case at heart. If you’re looking for a CBD skincare or topical product, seek out products formulated for that purpose. Take advantage of the other ingredients in the product that lend themselves to luminous, healthy skin. At Prima, we pair CBD with other botanicals, extracts, fatty acids, vitamins, and phytosterols, created to support healthy, radiant skin.

Can CBD Oil Be Used Topically?

Lately we’ve been hearing a lot about the “best CBD oil for…” any number of issues. Sometimes, that’s exactly what they’re looking for—the best CBD oil for sleep or certain skin conditions.

But, in many cases, people are really looking for CBD creams and other topicals. For example, if you’re looking for the best CBD oil for acne, the best CBD oil for rosacea or eczema? You’re really looking for a CBD cream or similar CBD topical.

Most CBD oil is actually formulated to be taken orally. So what is the difference between topicals and CBD oil? That’s exactly what we’ll focus on here.

CBD Topicals vs CBD Oil

Although it is already massive, CBD and skin care are two growing markets that have merged to create a ton of new products. This means that while companies are still developing many new ways to use CBD, the basic CBD oil that is taken orally is still the most common way of administering the cannabinoid.

When you use a CBD tincture, you just place several drops or whatever your serving size is under your tongue. Hold it there for at least a minute, if you can, to hasten the benefits, which you can feel in minutes.

Still, especially for those with skin issues or joint and muscle pain, CBD topicals are often more effective and quicker. Topical CBD formulations typically include additional ingredients to enhance an analgesic, anti-inflammatory effect. So although there are many ways to try CBD, a topical may be your best bet if you need to treat skin issues or relieve aches and pains.

A CBD topical is any CBD-infused lotion, cream, or salve that can be applied directly to the skin. They don’t have enough tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, of course, to get you high.

However, many have other cannabinoids and terpenes and are therefore capable of producing the entourage effect–the effect that happens when all of the plant’s cannabinoids and terpenes work together to produce benefits.

Science on CBD topicals (and the cannabis plant as a whole) is in its infancy, but we do know some promising things:

We already know that cannabis sativa has anti-inflammatory properties. CBD topicals may help manage inflammation and pain associated with arthritis more effectively by avoiding the GI system, resulting in more constant plasma levels.

Experts from the American Academy of Dermatology have also suggested that topical CBD products might be used to treat eczema, acne, and psoriasis. As a bonus, these products don’t have the typical side effects of oral medications, and they provide additional skincare benefits.

Just like other forms of CBD, however, the effectiveness of topical CBD varies depending on things like dosage or serving size, quality, and source.

Unlike edibles, topicals serve a different and unique purpose. They are used mostly to target surface areas to treat muscle pain, spasms, and tension because topical CBD does not reach the bloodstream. Instead of treating your entire body or system, you’re just spot treating a place where you’re having chronic pain.

Can You Use Oral CBD Oil Topically?

What type of product will work best for you? There are pros and cons for both oral and topical CBD products—so if you apply a tincture or oil to your skin, do you get the same benefits of CBD you’re used to?

A lot of this is related to the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a biological system all mammals share. The ECS is mostly composed of enzymes, endocannabinoids, and CB1 and CB2 receptors for the endocannabinoids. The ECS regulates many functions in humans, including memory, appetite, pain sensation, mood, reproduction, and sleep.

The ECS helps achieve and maintain homeostasis in the human body—or in some cases re-establish it. Homeostasis is the balanced, healthy zone within the bounds of which biological systems stay well-regulated. Imagine a human body with ideal blood pressure, blood sugar levels, etc.

What are cannabinoid receptors and why do we have them? Much like a thermostat, cannabinoid receptors collect data on conditions just outside the cell upon whose surface they sit, allowing them to then respond to changing conditions by “kick-starting” the correct cellular response.

For example, when bacteria attacks the body and causes infection, the immune system triggers inflammation to help battle the infection. This also triggers the ECS to release endocannabinoids which assist in signaling other immune cells and help limit the inflammatory response so it isn’t excessive. The receptors in turn help the body fight infection, and return to normal without damaging itself.

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The skin also has its own endocannabinoid system, which helps keep the skin healthy and balanced. Just like for the rest of the endocannabinoid system throughout the human body, the goal is stasis. In fact, CBD topicals are useful and can also produce healthy skin because the root cause of most skin problems is usually some kind of an imbalance in the skin.

Either way, depending on the type of issue you’re trying to treat and pain management you’re seeking, it is possible to get the effects of CBD topically or orally—if what you’re taking is made for that kind of use. But you wouldn’t eat hand cream, right? So would you put CBD oil on your skin?

The best method will depend on all of the details.

Taking CBD by mouth. You absorb CBD that you swallow in capsules, gummies, food, or liquid, through the digestive tract. This makes absorption slow and dosing a bit challenging due to several factors, including recent meals, unknown effects of stomach acids, the delayed onset of effect which is one to two hours, and other factors.

You can also take CBD using a tincture, oil, or spray by holding it under your tongue (sublingual) and allowing it to absorb directly into the bloodstream for 60 to 120 seconds. You can feel effects within 15 to 45 minutes, although you will also taste the preparation. Full-spectrum CBD oils in particular have a strong plant taste.

Taking CBD topically. Apply topical products such as balms, creams, lotions, and salves directly to the skin over a painful area. Simple! But do not apply CBD oils that are designed for taking orally to the skin; they have nothing to suspend them on the skin or make them work there, and they are intended to be in the bloodstream.

If you’re not sure if it would be better to use CBD orally or topically, you may need to refocus your question to decide which type best suits your needs. Using CBD topically works best if you have a targeted area where you need CBD the most because it allows the cannabidiol compounds to work with the cannabinoid receptors right where you apply the topical cream.

With CBD topicals, the effects are more concentrated because the cannabinoid compounds never get absorbed into the bloodstream and they aren’t spread thin throughout the entire body. This makes it a great choice for treating minor, local discomfort in muscles and joints, or soothing skin.

What CBD Products Can You Use On Your Skin?

CBD topicals are any CBD products you can use on your skin: lotions, creams, balms, roll-ons, and salves that have CBD in their formulations. CBD lotions, creams, and balms are typically not edible and are intended to be applied directly to specific affected areas of the skin.

CBD topicals generally can be used to provide localized relief by delivering CBD to the outer layer of the skin. They often have particular formulations, such as CBD creams for skin-related issues like eczema, acne, rosacea, and psoriasis, and for injuries and problems like insect bites and stings and burns.

Some of the most common types of CBD topicals that you might find on the market include these, and here are some of their applications:

Creams, lotions, and salves: These are typically used for inflammation and pain relief.

Oils, ointments, and serums: These are typically used to treat skin-related conditions such as burn ointments or ointments for eczema, acne, dry skin, and psoriasis; and in beauty applications, including anti-aging serums, beard creams, anti-aging products, tattoo ointments and other hair and skin products.

There are other miscellaneous CBD topicals, too, like CBD soap and CBD lip balm—all have specific uses.

In a CBD topical, the base, whether it is oil, cream, wax, or something similar, works as a carrier agent. If you recall our other discussions of how cannabinoids work, you remember that THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids bind with fatty acids. This is why carrier oils are so common.

The carrier agent works, usually alongside essential oils and other natural ingredients, to smoothly apply the CBD to skin conditions and other affected areas and help it cling there long enough to work.

What will happen if you use a CBD oil that isn’t a topical on your skin? For one thing, it won’t have the right carrier to hold it on your skin well enough to interact with the ECS locally. To be effective, CBD must interact with the endocannabinoid system in some way, either by entering the bloodstream or the skin’s layers. Simply placing oils on the skin won’t necessarily make that happen.

The science behind the rise of CBD topicals

Cannabidiol, better known as CBD, is emerging as one of the most exciting natural alternatives used to treat a wide range of common conditions, and for good reason.

Up until recently, it was the psychoactive component of cannabis, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which received most of the attention for its medicinal benefits, as well as its ability to produce psycho- tropic effects. Now, with medical marijuana gaining ground across the country, researchers are discovering the amazing properties of additional cannabinoids. But what makes CBD so special?

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), CBD “is the major non-psychoactive component of Cannabis sativa,” and it is one of over 80 naturally occurring compounds called cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. 1

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CBD cannabinoids are anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-spasmodic, and they enhance circulation and cellular regeneration. 2

Clinical applications

Due to its wide variety of medical benefits, CBD is used to treat a number of common conditions, including chronic pain, inflammation, seizures, insomnia, spasms, multiple sclerosis, and mental disorders such as anxiety and depression. As a topical agent, CBD oil can be directly applied to certain areas of the body as an effective means of relieving pain and soreness, reducing inflammation, and soothing inflammatory skin conditions such as psoriasis, dermatitis, and eczema.

As CBD oil is non-psychoactive, applying it to the skin does not create mind-altering effects in the same manner that THC ingestion does.3 Therefore, the use of CBD in topical form is a useful alternative for those who wish to avoid the psychoactive effects of THC and those who would like options besides the over-the-counter steroid-based creams typically used for arthritis, joint pain, and similar ailments. This is especially true for aging users, parents, or adults who are concerned about practical matters (like failing drug tests, for example).

For these reasons, topical CBD products are experiencing a rise in popularity in the U.S.

Mechanism of action

In order to understand how CBD works, we first have to understand the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). The NIH defines the ECS as, “a recently discovered signaling system comprising the cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors, their intrinsic lipid ligands, endocannabinoids, and the associated enzymatic machinery.” 1

The ECS is responsible for regulating many systems in the body, such as the limbic, metabolic, nociceptive, and immunologic functions. Endocannabinoids are natural chemical regulators in the body that interact with cannabinoid receptors and help maintain homeostasis. They seem to do this by detecting and regulating pain, mood, hunger, memory, and more.

If the ECS is affected, or the body is not producing enough endocannabinoids, these functions in the body may become unbalanced. And when the body is not producing or regulating endocannabinoids properly, ingesting natural cannabinoids or applying them topically can restore this balance. CBD differs from THC in the sense that THC mimics the natural cannabinoids in the body and binds with the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2, which are found in abundance within the immune system, the gastrointestinal tract, and in the central and peripheral nervous systems. While THC binds to these receptors, CBD interacts with an enzyme called FAAH (fatty acid amide hydrolase). 4

FAAH is responsible for pulling excess anandamide (a factor in homeostasis) out of circulation.

FAAH breaks down and removes natural endocannabinoids. CBD stops this breakdown and in turn increases the natural endocannabinoids available to the body. Because endo- cannabinoids have a balancing and healing effect on the body’s numerous systems and functions, CBD’s ability to increase the amount of endocannabinoids available to the body may create a bevy of therapeutic benefits 5

Topical subjects

CBD comes in oil form, ointments, creams and lotions, patches, balms, and salves. These are readily absorbed into the skin and can be applied directly to affected areas. It is advised that topical users should titrate the amount used until the desired result is reached. 6

CBD oils can be potent and either include psychoactive THC or just CBD. 7 Oils are also versatile, as they can be applied topically or ingested.

Furthermore, CBD topicals can be an effective treatment for many symptoms. Once applied, they can take anywhere from one to 48 hours to provide relief depending on the dose, frequency of use, and severity of the condition.

Most users find that regular application provides an analgesic effect that significantly reduces localized discomfort.2 Even though CBD is most often taken for pain relief, research is showing it to be beneficial in relieving, cramps, headaches, and psoriasis. CBD’s effects can increase the natural levels of pain-relieving endocannabinoids, decrease inflammatory responses, and desensitize pain receptors. 2

Expert opinion

Given the degree to which marijuana and cannabinoid derivative use has been stigmatized in the past, their Schedule I classification as illegal substances, and lack of FDA approval, valid medical research on the effects of CBD isn’t as plentiful as it should be. Much of the anecdotal evidence, however, suggests that CBD’s neuro- protective, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory effects with regard to topical applications are promising. 2

Overall, many within the medical community are rapidly building the case that CBD can be a powerful relief agent for many conditions, and one that poses a negligible health risk.

There is a significant amount of scientific research on CBD and the ECS system as well as journal entries from pilot studies done by doctors from around the world over the past four decades. However, as this is still a novel area of medicine, do your own research on CBD. There are many online sources of information, but note the internet has a mix of both valid and misleading data. Vet your sources to ensure that they are reputable.

Joseph Rosenblatt is a New York entrepreneur and COO of Enliven Essentials, a New York CBD-infused-product company. He helped found Enliven Essentials with his family when he discovered the astonishing benefits CBD oil could provide for close family members suffering from pain and anxiety. Rosenblatt also writes, travels, and educates people about CBD oil and the benefits it carries. He can be reached at [email protected] or through enlivenessentials.com.

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