Follow our 7 easy step guide on how to make CBD oil at home with tools and resources that you can find at home or your nearby store. CBD tinctures are easily absorbed and can be used in many ways. Learn how to get the most out of your tincture, how not to use it, and the many benefits it offers. Some CBD manufacturers and formulators use dilution to lower the THC concentration of their oils to be compliant with the law. Read why THC-Free products don't need to be diluted and are paving the way for innovation.
How to Make CBD Oil at Home in Just 7 Easy Steps
If you want to know how to make CBD oil at home, you’ll be pleased to know it’s a lot easier than you think. Keep in mind. It won’t be the same quality and retention of plant compounds as professionally done by companies such as ourselves.
Sure, you can get it from an outside vendor, yet there’s something about homemade cannabis edibles that makes things fun. We all know there are different ways vendors do it. CO2 extraction is all the rage, but you’ll need a lot of money to buy the equipment and pay the technicians who operate it for you.
You may also have heard of alcohol extraction. While accessible, this isn’t the easiest way to do it. The method we’ll cover today means you probably won’t even have to don your mask and visit the grocery store. Everything you need is either in your cupboard, pantry or fridge. If you’re still missing something, you won’t drop more than a couple of bucks.
So if you:
- a) Own a stove
- b) Are on a budget
- c) Have no clue what you’re doing
…this is your chance to quickly and easily learn how to make CBD oil at home.
How to Make CBD Oil: The Full DIY Guide
Before we get to cooking, it’s important we understand some fundamentals about CBD and CBD oil. We could go on forever with the fine details, but all you need to know right now are the types of CBD products and some easy science.
Types of CBD
If you visit a CBD company’s website, you’ll likely come across the terms “full-spectrum,” “broad-spectrum,” or “CBD isolate.”
These labels refer to cannabinoid and terpene content – if any. Let’s take a quick look at what each product means.
Full-spectrum CBD oil (a.k.a. “whole plant extract”) contains all other cannabinoids and terpenes found in the source plant. Different plants contain different chemical profiles, but full-spectrum products will always contain some traces of THC.
However, THC won’t cause intoxication in such low doses, and even helps the overall potency of your CBD mixture, thanks to the “entourage effect.” This synergistic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes effectively allows them to complement or improve the potency and effects of your CBD oil.
One complaint people have, though, is that full-spectrum maintains a strong cannabis or “hempy” taste.
Keep in mind, the homemade CBD oil method we cover doesn’t allow you to filter out any compounds, keeping your CBD rich in cannabinoids and terpenes – in other words, full-spectrum.
CBD isolate is a product containing up to 99% CBD, with all other compounds completely gone. It’s colorless, odorless, and flavorless. Some vendors who want their edibles or oils to be unaffected by any plant aroma often choose CBD isolate.
Although it’s almost pure CBD, isolate lacks any of the beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes that work to trigger the entourage effect. Consequently, the therapeutic benefits of CBD isolate are limited compared to other forms.
Broad-spectrum CBD is the middle ground between full-spectrum and CBD isolate. It retains the same compounds as full-spectrum CBD, but with all traces of THC removed.
This is handy if you’re worried about triggering a drug test (which is possible) or if you’re sensitive to THC.
What is Decarboxylation?
Ever wonder why you have to light cannabis on fire or heat it in a vaporizer? The simple answer is “decarboxylation.” It’s an essential step when making your own CBD oil.
Cannabinoids originally sit in an inert acidic form. For example, CBD is originally CBDA (cannabidiolic acid) prior to decarbing. When heated to a certain temperature, the CBDA undergoes a chemical change that turns it into CBD.
The process of decarboxylation of the acidic form of CBD (CBDa) to Cannabidiol (CBD) with heat.
How to Make CBD Oil at Home
Now that we better understand CBD oil, it’s time to dive in on making CBD oil. The method we’ll describe today is the same one people use with any cannabis oil. It involves the use of dried flower from either an industrial hemp variety or “marijuana.”
Today, plenty of vendors offer industrial hemp dry herb in a variety of different strains and strengths – all with less than 0.3% THC. You can also get high CBD, lower THC flower from a dispensary or medical provider, depending on the laws in your state.
The following recipe will net you about 2 cups (500 ml) of CBD oil. The potency depends on how much CBD is in the dry herb, and the type/amount of carrier oil chosen. We recommend coconut oil because it does an excellent job retaining CBD and other cannabinoids.
The amount of dry herb and oil you use isn’t written in stone. The less oil you use, the more cannabinoids get packed into it. The level of CBD in your dry herb also affects potency.
But enough prepping – let’s make some CBD oil.
Things You’ll Need on Making CBD Oil
- 1/2 oz (14 g) industrial hemp flower or another cannabis flower (if legal)
- Baking sheet
- Aluminum foil
- 1 cup (250 ml) coconut oil
- Oven and stove
- Oven thermometer (optional)
- Meat thermometer
- Pot or saucepan
- Paper towel or coffee filter
Calculating Dosage When Making CBD Oil
Got all your ingredients? Great! Now it’s time to figure out how strong your oil will be. This requires some simple math.
Whether it’s industrial hemp or high-CBD “marijuana,” CBD levels vary from strain to strain. So let’s pretend your flower contains 20.0% CBD:
- Take 20.0 and move the decimal to the right, which shows your herb has 200 mg/g of CBD.
- Multiply that 200 by the number of grams you’re using – in this case, 14.
- We see that the total CBD in your batch will equal 2800 mg prior to decarboxylation.
- Now, we need to know the CBD per milliliter (ml), so divide 2800 by the 250 ml of coconut oil we’re using, which comes to 11.2 mg/ml of CBD oil.
If you find this dose is too little or too much, increase/decrease the amount of dry herb as needed. You can also add more oil to dilute the mixture.
To know how much CBD potency the hemp flower has, make sure you have the third-party lab report to get that number.
Here is a visual of a lab report on a cannabis hemp flower rich in CBD. As you can see, this hemp flower has a potency of 16% CBDA (cannabidiolic acid), which CBDA would then be converted to CBD after decarboxylation. Every 1,000mg of oil will contain roughly 160mg of CBD.
7 Steps on How to Make CBD Oil
Step 1: Preheat the Oven
Preheat your oven to 225 o F. This is a solid middle-ground. But remember that oven temperature isn’t likely to reflect the exact number shown on your stove.
It’s handy to have a simple oven thermometer if you want to keep a more precise tab on temperature. Undercooking won’t properly activate the cannabinoids while overcooking evaporates them away.
Step 2: Grind the Flower
Using your grinder , coarsely grind your cannabis flower . A simple metal hand grinder is a great choice, as these tend to give you the consistency you need.
Don’t over-grind it. If the pieces are too small, you’ll burn them before you even start making your own CBD oil.
Step 3: Prepare the Ground Cannabis
Line your baking sheet with aluminum foil . Evenly lay out the ground cannabis flower on your baking sheet. It’s important to keep it in an even, single layer. Otherwise, the flower won’t cook evenly.
Finally, cover the sheet with aluminum foil .
Step 4: Decarboxylate the Hemp Flower
If you have an oven thermometer inside the appliance, check to make sure you have the right temperature. If the difference is more than 20 o F in either direction, adjust the heat as needed.
Bake for 30 minutes, then remove and let the hemp cool for 45 minutes. Once cool, lift the layer of aluminum foil. If everything went well, the herb will have golden brown, toasted color.
Below is an image of grinded cannabis flower on the left prior to decarboxylation, and decarbed flower on the right.
The picture was taken from Madison Cole from Herbal Dispatch.
Step 5: Mix CBD with Coconut Oil to Make Tincture
Turn your pot or saucepan to low heat, and add the coconut oil. DO NOT allow it to simmer or sizzle.
Use the meat thermometer to check the oil temperature. It should hover at around 150 o F. If the mixture exceeds 200 0 F, you could cause some cannabinoids to evaporate during cooking.
You can use an overhead stirrer like this to set it on automatic, and it will mix the CBD extract with coconut oil to make CBD oil tinctures.
Step 6: Complete the Oil Infusion to make CBD Oil Tinctures
Cook the mixture for 30 minutes to 4 hours. The longer you cook, the more cannabinoids get infused into the oil, and the stronger your final product will be.
Step 7: Strain
Place a coffee filter or paper towel above a cup, small pot, or another container. Carefully and slowly pour the oil onto the filter or paper towel to separate and discard the plant matter.
Pro tip: Use two or three paper towels layered together, as a single one could rip while you pour the oil.
CBD Oil Uses
Congratulations on your first batch! Now that you can make your own CBD oil, it’s time to put it to good use. Although oil is typically associated with straight oral ingestion, there are other things you can do with it.
For instance, you can use it in edible recipes to make an endless range of tasty CBD-rich treats, or mix it with moisturizer to create a soothing topical. Some people add it to smoothies or use it as a salad dressing.
Ultimately, there’s almost no limit to what you can do with CBD oil.
How to Make CBD Oil: Final Thoughts and Tips
While making CBD oil, it’s important to consider safety. There are also some tips we want to address that’ll make your CBD cooking experience much better.
Safety when Making CBD Oil
Fortunately, you won’t be working with explosive substances like butane, nor will you need to worry about leaving solvent traces behind (alcohol method). Aside from “don’t burn yourself,” there’s really nothing else to worry about during the cooking process.
CBD itself, however, is another story. The cannabinoid is known to interact with a broad range of medications . Talk to your doctor before adding CBD to your health routine.
How to Use CBD Tinctures & CBD Oil
CBD tinctures are easily absorbed and can be used in many ways. Learn how to get the most out of your tincture, how not to use it, and the many benefits it offers.
Tinctures are a popular way to use CBD, but how you use it changes its effects.
You can take them directly, mix them with drinks, cook with them, apply them to the skin, or hold them under the tongue for fast absorption.
Learn how to use CBD tinctures properly, how to figure out the right dose to use, and what to avoid.
Table of Contents
CBD Tinctures vs. CBD Oil: What’s the Difference?
Traditionally, a tincture is technically an extract made by soaking herb material in an alcohol solvent. The alcohol pulls the active ingredients out of the plant and into the solution.
CBD oil shares all the same principles, except instead of alcohol, vegetable oil is used as the solvent.
Today, the word tincture and oil is used synonymously — they mean the same thing.
5 Methods of Taking CBD Tinctures
There are a couple of different ways that you can take CBD tinctures. Deciding which is the best option for you depends on what you want to use it for and what type of tincture or oil you purchased.
1. Hold It Under the Tongue (Sublingual)
Sublingual dosing involves placing CBD tincture under your tongue and holding it there for a few minutes.
This is the fastest method of ingestion. The CBD is absorbed into the capillaries and travels straight to your bloodstream, skipping the digestion process it has to go through when you swallow it.
The amount of CBD that’s absorbed depends on how long you hold it there; the rest will be absorbed later through the digestive tract.
Some people only hold their CBD under the tongue for a few seconds, but most of it will only take effect once it’s passed through your digestive tract. This isn’t the most effective way to use CBD tinctures.
2. Swallow It (Oral)
Some people swallow their CBD tinctures immediately. This method works fine but will take longer to kick in and may not be as strong as the sublingual method. Some of the CBD is lost during the process, so the overall potency of effects will be weaker.
3. Mix It With Food or Drinks
You can also mix CBD tincture into other foods and drinks. A common example here is smoothies.
Some people will cook with CBD oils or tinctures or add them to beverages like coffee (bulletproof coffee works great) or tea.
4. Apply It On The Skin
CBD is excellent for the skin. You can buy pre-made topical CBD products or apply them to the skin directly.
Just make sure the tincture you’re using is oil-based instead of alcohol-based if you intend to use it this way.
Additionally, it’s better to go for an unflavored CBD oil if you plan to use it topically on the skin.
How to Get The Most Out of Using CBD Tinctures
Here are a few things to keep in mind if you want to maximize the benefits of your CBD tincture.
1. Keep Your Dropper Clean
Make sure you keep your glass dropper clean when dosing CBD tincture to reduce the risk of cross-contamination.
Furthermore, any impurities on your dropper are vulnerable to mold or decay and could present a risk.
2. Dilute Alcohol-Based Tinctures
If you find that the alcohol in the tincture burns your tongue, consider diluting the mixture in some water before you take it.
3. Combine With Other Supplements & Herbs
Many other natural supplements provide fantastic health benefits. If you want to enhance the CBD benefits, consider combining CBD tinctures with herbs.
For example, if you’re trying to fight anxiety, consider mixing the tincture with valerian root or passionflower. These herbs can also help if you’re using CBD to get to sleep, as can melatonin.
You can find these other herbs and supplements in tincture form as well — so it’s easy to mix them all together when you want to use them.
4. Go Full-Spectrum
Full-spectrum CBD contains all of the active ingredients in hemp, not just CBD. These tinctures have more benefits than CBD alone.
Full-spectrum extracts are generally a bit more expensive. However, proponents usually say that the difference in cost is worth it.
What Are The Benefits of CBD Tinctures?
There are many ways to use CBD, and you might prefer one method over another at different times.
However, here are a few of the benefits of using a tincture:
- Easy to transport
- Easy to hit precise doses
Sometimes it might be easier to take a gummy, or maybe you need instant relief from vaping. Ultimately, use what suits your needs.
The Health Benefits of CBD
There are many health benefits linked to CBD. The research is still relatively new and ongoing, but here are just a few ways CBD can help:
How you take CBD can alter how it affects you; for example, using it topically only affects that area.
CBD Tinctures & the Endocannabinoid System
Once the CBD enters your bloodstream, CBD begins to interact with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). This system is made up of tiny intracellular receptors that regulate all aspects of homeostasis (balance).
The ECS regulates our mental and physical health in many ways, such as by balancing our mood and anxiety levels. The ECS is also involved in the sensing of pain or hunger and relaxation and energy levels.
CBD works on this system indirectly. It’s different from THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the primary cannabinoid found in marijuana, which directly binds to these receptors.
One theory is that CBD prevents the body from breaking down naturally produced cannabinoids (endocannabinoids). In contrast, THC binds itself tightly to the receptors.
Thus, the effects of THC are more pronounced, while CBD is more subtle and smooth. This is one of the reasons that CBD tinctures have gained popularity so quickly — they provide many therapeutic benefits without the intense effects.
How Are Tinctures Made?
Tinctures are an ancient art. They have been used for nearly as long as people have been distilling alcohol.
‘Hard’ alcohol is referred to as ‘spirits’ because the alchemists believed it drew the plant’s spirit into the solution.
Modern-day chemistry agrees with this, although it replaces the word ‘spirit’ with ‘constituents.’ Microscopes and UV-spectrography allow us to observe the various phytochemicals, terpenes, minerals, and alkaloids drawn out by the alcohol.
Regardless of whether you use alchemical or scientific terminology, the process and results are the same. To make a tincture, finely chop the plant matter (in this case, hemp).
The standard rule for formulating tinctures is a 1:2 ratio if you’re using dried herbs or a 1:5 ratio if you’re using fresh herbs.
Whether or not CBD companies adhere to these rules depends on the individual brands. High-potency CBD extracts may have less alcohol and more herb, for example. Or, it may simply have CBD isolate added after the initial alcohol extraction.
How to Dose a CBD Tincture
It’s always wise to start with a small dose — smaller than the lowest recommended dose. For your first time, it’s a good idea to try a sub-threshold microdose just to make sure that you don’t have an adverse reaction to the CBD. This is sometimes referred to as an allergy test.
If the small dose isn’t doing anything after an hour or two, you can gradually increase the amount. Repeat this process until you find relief.
In general, the average dose of CBD is around 20–50 mg. Some people prefer milder doses; others like stronger doses.
Check out our CBD oil dosage calculator to determine the best starting point for CBD oil based on your weight and the potency of the oil you’re using.
Final Thoughts on Using CBD Tinctures
Traditionally, tinctures and oils are not the same things. A tincture is a liquid extract of a herb that uses alcohol as the base, while oils use a vegetable oil base.
However, today, both terms are used synonymously. A CBD tincture can use both alcohol or oil — so make sure you check the label before you buy, so you know what you’re actually getting.
Taking a CBD tincture sublingually is the best way to get the most value out of the product. This ensures that the CBD enters your bloodstream quickly, without being damaged or destroyed by your digestive system.
Remember to start small and work your way up to an effective dose. CBD is a safe supplement, but it’s still wise to use the lowest effective amount.
What is Dilution? What Does It Have to Do With CBD?
How Truly THC-Free CBD Oils Remove the Need for Dilution and Pave the Way for Innovation
I n today’s CBD industry, most manufacturers of CBD oils and products start with a crude CBD oil which contains waxes, carbohydrates, lipids, terpenes, and cannabinoids including some amount of THC. This “crude oil,” which also contains high concentrations of the sought after CBD, comes from the extraction of industrial hemp . There are multiple ways to extract crude oil from hemp, including CO2 and solvent extraction. However, these two methods have some huge downfalls which result in major limitations of use in end products. The biggest downfall being that these extraction methods are not able to remove THC from the crude oil, meaning manufacturers must dilute their oil in order to comply with federal law in keeping the THC concentration below 0.3% by weight.
At Kazmira, we developed our own unique extraction process which results in a CBD oil that contains undetectable levels of THC . This removes the need for dilution, and allows for low volume, high CBD concentration end products. Lets dive a bit deeper into this dilution issue, and explore how Kazmira’s THC-Free CBD oils are paving the way for a tidal wave of innovation in the CBD industry.
Conventional Industrial Hemp Extraction Cannot Remove THC
The basic CO2 (carbon dioxide) and solvent extraction methods which are widespread in CBD manufacturing today have several downsides. Both of these processes are effective at extracting a variety compounds from hemp beyond cannabinoids, many of which are undesirable in CBD end products. The more these exist in the final oil, the more impure and low quality it is. Some manufacturers apply extremely cold temperatures and high pressures in order to circumvent these compounds from being extracted along with the desired cannabinoids and terpenes. Although this allows for only cannabinoids to be extracted, the efficiency is much lower, leaving behind a substantial amount of cannabinoids in the hemp along with the impurities.
After solvent extraction, it is critical that all of the solvent has evaporated from the crude oil. Left over solvent is very dangerous if consumed. In order to make sure it all evaporates, the extraction is often heated, or distilled. Distillation cannot remove THC, so the CBD/THC ratio in CBD oils remains unchanged from an initial extraction. Distillation can also degrade many of the volatile terpenes which give extracts their unique aromas and contribute to the entourage effect of broad spectrum extracts.
None of these methods are able to remove THC, which the federal government strictly regulates. These regulations mandate that CBD products cannot have THC levels higher than 0.3% by weight. Many distilled CBD oils have between 40-60% CBD and 2-4% THC by weight. This amount of THC in competitor’s CBD oils is substantial and could cause psychoactive effects. The THC concentration is above the legal limit, and therefore, the oil must be diluted with carrier oils such as MCT in order to be federally compliant.
The mass of THC in competitor’s CBD oils is substantial and could cause psychoactive effects.
What’s the Problem with Dilution?
The best way to illustrate this issue is with a hypothetical example. Say you have 1 gram of a CO2 extracted CBD oil which contains 0.5 grams of CBD and 0.03 grams of THC (this is equivalent to 50% CBD and 3% THC by weight). In order to reduce the THC weight percentage from 3% to 0.3%, the manufacturer must dilute the oil by a factor of 10. This can be accomplished by adding 9 grams of MCT oil to the 1 gram of CBD oil for example. The THC concentration is now at the mandated 0.3%, but the CBD concentration is also reduced by a factor of 10, from 50% to 5% per gram of diluted oil. The concentration in milligrams of CBD went from 500mg per gram of CBD oil to 50mg per gram of diluted oil. Also, the THC/CBD ratio cannot be changed by dilution. Even if competitor labels say “THC-Free”, there still may be up to 0.3% THC by weight.
The THC/CBD ratio cannot be changed by dilution. Even if competitor labels say “THC-Free”, there still may be up to 0.3% THC by weight.
Diluting the crude CBD oil in order to be compliant with federal THC regulations greatly reduces the amount of CBD per volume of product. This is the reason high potency CBD products in the thousands of milligrams are very uncommon in the market. If manufacturers use crude oil which contains THC, it is not possible to keep concentrations of CBD high while simultaneously keeping THC concentrations low, even if it is under the legal limit. Competitors may artificially enrich their diluted extract with CBD isolate, rather than purify the natural extract and its complements.
Competitors may artificially enrich their diluted extract with CBD isolate, rather than purify the natural extract and its complements.
THC Cannot Escape The Laws of Chemistry
According to the Law of Conservation of Mass, mass can never be created or destroyed. The same applies for THC in industrial hemp extraction. Manufacturers who dilute their hemp extract to lower the THC below 0.3% are simply hiding the full truth. The mass of THC is not being removed from its initial amount after the extraction step (2-4% THC). The mass of THC is unchanged, very high, and risky for consumers. This is why Kazmira’s proprietary purification technology focuses on removing and discarding the mass of THC in their extracts, rather than diluting it.
What if End Product Manufacturers Didn’t Have to Worry About THC in Crude Oil?
If CBD products were made with oils that didn’t contain any THC, manufacturers would not have to worry about diluting their products to be compliant with federal regulations. Therefore they could make low volume, high potency CBD products, opening the door to a new wave of innovation in the CBD industry. Kazmira’s THC-Free broad spectrum CBD oils have up to 90% CBD, other natural cannabinoids, terpenes, and non-detect levels of THC as confirmed by third-party certificates of analysis . These oils are moving the CBD end product conversation beyond the limitations of dilution and federal compliance. Truly THC-Free oil as a base ingredient can finally make the CBD industry about CBD, and CBD only. Moving the conversation beyond dilution will permit innovation on the end products side, allowing for high potency CBD products in all shapes and sizes, without any worry of THC consumption.
We can guarantee the removal of THC, not simply dilution. Rest easy knowing your final product from Kazmira is reliable.
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